Tibetan Sanskrit English An alternate form Definition

sort sort sort sort sort
001 yul viṣhaya object That which can be known
002 shes bya jñeya knowable object That which is suitable to be taken as an object of mind
003 yod pa
existent That which is observable by valid cognition
004 gzhi grub
established base That which is established for valid cognition
005 gzhal bya prameya object of comprehension That which can be cognized by valid cognition
006 chos dharma phenomenon That which bears its own entity
007 dngos po bhāva thing That which is able to perform a function
008 'dus byas saṃskṛita conditioned phenomenon That which is arisen from its own specific causes and conditions
009 mi rtag pa anitya impermanent phenomenon That which is suitable to arise, abide, and perish or that which, once it comes onto existence, does not remain for a second moment
010 rang mtshan svalakṣhana specifically characterized phenomenon That which is ultimately able to perform a function
011 bem po kanthā matter That which consist of particles
012 shes pa jñāna / vijñāna consciousness That which is aware of objects
013 ldan min ‘du byed viprayukta saṃskāra nonassociated formation That which is neither matter nor consciousness and is observable as a conditioned phenomenon
014 phyi don bem po bahirdhākanthā matter of outer objects That which consists of outer particles
015 nang don bem po ādhyātmikakanthā matter of innner objects That which consists of inner particles
016 gzugs rūpa form-source That which can be apprehended by an eye consciousness
017 sgra shabda sound That which is audible to an ear consciousness
018 dri gandha smell That which is experienced by a nose consciousness
019 ro rasa taste That which is experienced by a tongue consciousness
020 reg bya spraṣhṭavya tangible object That which is experienced by a body consiousness
021 sa pṛithivī earth That which is hard and obstructive
022 chu ap water That which iswet and moistening
023 me tejas fire That which is hot and burning
024 rlung vāyu wind That which is light and moving
025 mig gi dbang po chakṣhurindriya eye sense faculty That which serves as the dominant condition for the simultaneous arising and expanding of an eye consiousness
032 rgyu hetu cause That which produces
033 dngos rgyu sākṣhāt kāraṇa direct cause That which produces directly
034 brgyud rgyu pāraṃparya kāraṇa indirect cause That which produces indirectly
035 nyer len gyi rgyu upādāna kāraṇa substantial cause That which primarily produces the continuum of its substance as its specifi c result
036 lhan cig byed rgyu sahakāri kāraṇa cooperative cause That which primarily produces something that is not the continuum of its own substance as its specific result
037 byed rgyu kāraṇa hetu enabling cause That which primarily produces something that is not the continuum of its own substance as its specific result (same as cooperative cause)
038 lhan cig ‘byung ba’i rgyu sahabhū hetu simultaneously arising cause Causes that are simultaneous, different in substance, and, by being in the same collection, do not obstruct the arising of each other
039 skal mnyam gyi rgyu sabhāga hetu cause of a similar outcome That which produces something that is of its own type as its specific result
040 mtshungs ldan gyi rgyu saṃprayuktaka hetu congruent cause Causes that, by being congruent, do not obstruct the arising of each other
041 kun ‘gro’i rgyu sarvatraga hetu omnipresent cause That which involves afflictions, is present in all three realms, and obstructs the attainment of liberation
042 rnam smin gyi rgyu vipāka hetu completely ripening cause That which produces something completely ripened as its specific result and consists of negative actions or contaminated positive actions
043 rkyen pratyaya condition That which assists the arising of its specific result
044 rgyu’i rkyen hetu pratyaya causal condition That which assists or aids the arising of its specific result
045 de ma thag rkyen samanantara pratyaya immediately preceding condition That which primarily produces mere clear and aware consciousness as its specific result
046 dmigs rkyen ālambana pratyaya object condition That which primarily produces a consciousness with the aspect of itself as its specific result
047 bdag rkyen adhipati pratyaya dominant condition That which primarily produces its specific result by its own power
048 ‘bras bu phala result That which is produced
049 dngos ‘bras sākṣhāt phala direct result That which is produced directly
050 brgyud ‘bras pāraṃparya kāraṇa indirect result That which is produced indirectly
051 rnam smin gyi ‘bras bu vipāka phala completely ripened result A nonobscuring and neutral phenomenon that has arisen from its specific causes, which are contaminated positive actions or negative actions
052 bdag po’i bras bu adhipati phala dominated result That which is produced by its specific causes by their own power
053 rgyu mthun gyi ‘bras bu niṣhyanda phala result that accords with the cause A phenomenon that itself is either the same as its specific cause or accords with it in its aspect of appearance
054 skyes bu’i byed pa’i bras bu puruṣhakāra phala result caused by persons A phenomenon that has arisen from the force of its specific causes
055 bral ba’i ‘bras bu visaṃyoga phala result of separation The extinction or relinquishment of the specific factors to be relinquished through the force of the remedy, i.e., supreme knowledge
056 dngos med abhāva nonthing That which is empty of performing a function
057 ‘dus ma byas asaṃskṛita nonconditioned phenomenon That which is not arisen from its specific causes and conditions
058 rtag pa nitya permanent phenomenon A phenomenon that is not suitable to arise, cease, and abide, or one that does not cease
059 spyi mtshan sāmānyalakṣhaṇa generally characterized phenomenon That which cannot ultimately perform a function
060 snang yul pratibhāsa viṣhaya appearing object That which can be known by its appearance
061 gzung yul grāhya viṣhaya apprehended object That which can be known by its appearance
062 zhen yul adhavasaya viṣhaya referent object That which can be known by conceptually referring to it
063 ‘jug yul pravṛitti viṣhaya object of engagement That which is undeceiving when one engages it for the purpose of using it or rejecting it. Or, the main object to be cognized by a specific mind
064 spyod yul (gochara?) object of activity That which is undeceiving when one engages it for the purpose of using it or rejecting it. Or, the main object to be cognized by a specific mind
065 blo de’i yul
object of some possible mind That which can be known by some possible mind
066 bum ‘dzin rtog pa’i yul
object of a conception apprehending „vase” That which can by known by a conception apprehending „vase”
067 ‘gal ba virodha contradictory phenomena That which is incompatible
068 dngos ‘gal sākṣhādvirodha directly contradictory phenomena That which is mutually directly incompatible
069 brgyud ‘gal pāraṃparya
virodha
indirectly contradictory phenomena That which is mutually indirectly incompatible
070 ‘brel pa saṃbandha connected phenomena A phenomenon that ceases itself, if something different from that phenomenon has stopped
071 bdag gcig ‘brel
identically connected phenomena A phenomenon that ceases itself, if something different from that phenomenon that is not different in entity has stopped
072 de ‘byung ‘brel
causally connected phenomena A phenomenon that ceases itself, if something that is different from that phenomenon and is different in entity has stopped
073 dgag pa pratiṣhedha negation A phenomenon to be cognized by the mind that directly cognizes it by excluding its specifi c object of negation
074 ma yin dgag paryūdāsaprati
ṣhedha
implicative negation The implication of another phenomenon as a remainder after the negation of the object of negation by a mind that directly cognizes the negation itself
075 med dgag prasajyapati
ṣhedha
nonimplicative negation Something that is to be cognized by a mind that directly cognizes it through merely excluding its specific object of negation
076 sgrub pa vidhi concrete phenomenon Something that is not to be cognized by a mind that directly cognizes it through excluding its own object of negation. Or: Something for which the emerging of its own object generality does not depend on the emerging of the object generality of its own object of negation
077 spyi sāmānya generality That which contains several of its own specific instances
078 rigs spyi jāti sāmānya type generality That which contains several phenomena belonging to its own type
079 tshogs spyi sāmagri sāmānya collection generality That which is a collection with several own parts
080 don spyi artha sāmānya object generality A superimposed factor that is established merely from the perspective of appearances for conceptions
081 sgra spyi shabda sāmānya term generality That which includes several means of expression
082 bye brag visheṣha particular Something that is included within something that includes it
083 gcig ekatva phenomena that are one A phenomenon that does not appear as different for conceptions
084 ldog pa gcig pa
phenomena that are one in isolate Phenomena that are not separate self-isolates
085 ngo bo gcig pa
phenomena that are one in entity Phenomena that are not distinct in terms of their entity
086 rigs gcig pa
phenomena that are one in type Phenomena that are not distinct in terms of their type
087 rdzas gcig pa
phenomena that are one in substance Phenomena that are not distinct in terms of their substance
088 tha dad nānātva phenomena that are different Phenomena that are distinct
089 ldog pa tha dad
phenomena that are different in isolate Phenomena that are distinct self-isolates
090 ngo bo tha dad
phenomena that are different in entity Phenomena that are distinct in terms of their own entity
091 rdazs tha dad
phenomena that are different in substance Phenomena that are distinct in terms of their substance
092 mtshan nyid lakṣhaṇa definition Something in which the three properties of a meaning are complete
093 mtshan nyid ma yin pa
something that is not a definition Something in which the three properties of a meaning are not complete
094 mtshon bya lakṣhya definiendum Something in which the three properties of a conventional term are complete
095 mtshon bya ma yin pa
something that is not a definiendum Something in which the three properties of a conventional term are not complete
096 mtshan gzhi dṛiṣhṭānta basis for definition That which serves as the basis for the definite connection definition and definiendum